Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Story Of An Hour Literary Analysis - 1294 Words

Mrs Mallard, a kind, older lady, had a severe heart disease. The element of surprise, if not executed right, could kill her. In â€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin the element of time and surprise create an element that other authors struggle to do. In this paper, I will discuss the tone of the way the family broke the news of Mr. Mallard s death to Mrs. Mallard. Whether the news was bad or good, how it was broken to Mrs. Mallard could have killed her. In the end it did The emotions in the house were running wild. Mrs. Mallard was sad to hear the news, however, she then turned suddenly happy. This type of reaction is not what one might commonly expect from someone who has been married or in love to a person and then suddenly heard of†¦show more content†¦While in Mrs. Mallard s case she might have thought that they were being too evasive with not telling her the news immediately, her family likely did not understand how she might react and that this news might be exactly what she needed. Looking at the tone from two different angles is important in understanding the human condition and the limitations of love. As previously mentioned while she did love him, she needed space, and this is one example of a limitation to love. The change of the tone also shows how we can all experience conflicting emotions simultaneously, and that is often a challenging concept to comprehend. Kate Chopin does a phenomenal job creating the tone in which to tell Mrs. Mallard about the death. Harsh tones would have kill her but the way Chopin creates a character that breaks the news as brokenly and smooth as possible is outstanding. As restated by Jamil, S. Selina, Mrs. Mallard’s sister, Josephine, mindful of Mrs. Mallard’s heart condition, breaks the news to her in broken sentences and veiled hints (Selina 1). The way she broke the news to her sick sister was as kind and as easy as possible. Using the veiled hints and broken sentences, it gave Mrs. Mallard a chance to figure out what had happened on her own and process it in whatever way she desired. While she was thinking about the hints, she was slowly figuring out what had happened. TheShow MoreRelatedStory Of An Hour Literary Analysis934 Words   |  4 PagesMarriage Doesn’t Always Mean Love in â€Å"The Story of an Hour† The Story of an Hour, by Kate Chopin is the tragic story of a woman whose newfound position as a widow gives her strength. She develops a sense of freedom as she embraces her husbands death as an opportunity to establish her own identity. The tragedy is when her newfound identity gets stripped away as the appearance of her husband reveals that he is still alive. The disappointment from this tragedy kills her with a heart attack symbolizingRead MoreStory Of An Hour Literary Analysis824 Words   |  4 Pagesis heartbreaking and rather unimaginable. â€Å"Sorry to say but your husband has died due to an accident.† No one wants to hear those words or go through the painful time. In â€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin’s, the death of her husband meant freedom and happiness. Chopin’s uses a great deal of symbolism throughout the story in order to depict the theme of freedom and happiness. Mrs. Mallard is the main character whom of which also known as Louise and she is married to Brently Mallard. Mrs. MallardsRead MoreStory of an Hour Literary Analysis1990 Words   |  8 PagesLiterature Professor Joan Golding 10-16-2011 â€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin and â€Å"The Secret Life of Walter Mitty† by James Thurber both captured my interest from the very beginning. These short stories represent gender roles and marriage. They both are about married couples with controlling mates. â€Å"The Story of an Hour† is about a young married woman and how she reacts to the news of her husband dying in a train accident. The story takes place in the home of the young woman, Mrs. MallardRead MoreStory Of An Hour Literary Analysis844 Words   |  4 Pages The Contract â€Å"The Story of an Hour† depicts the telling of a spouse’s death, and how the wife reacted to the information. Marriage to most in the 21st century is how one shows the greatest extent of their love. However, to myself marriage is nothing but a piece of paper people sign, that gives another a right to half their earnings. Marriage does not quantify love. â€Å"The Story of an Hour† shows that although the main character was married, it was not what equated her love or happiness. MarriageRead More Literary Analysis: the Story of an Hour Essays645 Words   |  3 PagesWhen first reading Kate Chopins Story of an Hour, one may not typically be surprised at its ending, write it off as one of those creepy back from the dead horror stories and forget about it. There is more to this story than simply horror. The author is making a very strong, however subtle, statement towards humanity and womens rights. Through subtle symbolism, Kate Chopin shows how marriage is mo re like a confining role of servitude rather than a loving partnership. Mr. Mallard is assumedRead MoreLiterary Analysis- the Story of an Hour Essay1832 Words   |  8 PagesRide of Her Life In â€Å"The Story of an Hour† (1894), Kate Chopin presents a woman in the last hour of her life and the emotional and psychological changes that occur upon hearing of her husbands’ death. Chopin sends the protagonist, Mrs. Mallard, on a roller coaster of emotional up’s and down’s, and self-actualizing psychological hairpin turns, which is all set in motion by the news of her husband’s death. This extreme â€Å"joy ride† comes to an abrupt and ultimately final halt for Mrs. Mallard whenRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of The Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin856 Words   |  4 PagesEnglish 1302 11 November 2017 Literary Analysis of â€Å"The Story of an Hour† by Kate Chopin The Story of an Hour is a short story written by Kate Chopin which was published in 1894 as â€Å"The Dream of an Hour† in Vogue. When the word marriage hits our mind, we think it as a lasting relationship. Marriage is a commitment between two individuals bonded by holy ceremony. The story of an hour presents the side of marriage which is usually unheard. The main character of the story is Mrs. Louise Mallard. SheRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour By Kate Chopin Literary Analysis1432 Words   |  6 PagesMaking a literary analysis involves writing an argumentative analysis about a particular literature. The analyst is supposed to carefully read the literature and better understand the contents so as to come up with legal analysis. It requires some summary, but it is not a report about the book or the story. It is important in making the reader to understand the message in the book as well as the improvements necessary the literature. It is also important in understanding how a p articular author articulatesRead MoreThe Story Of An Hour And A Rose For Emily Literary Analysis1297 Words   |  6 PagesKate Chopins The Story of an Hour and William Faulkners â€Å"A Rose for Emily tells the story of women who face isolation and struggle with their own terms of freedom upon the death of a male figure in their life. Louise and Emily come from different time periods, backgrounds, and have different experiences, yet both share commonality in that they have let themselves be affected by the unrealistic expectations placed on them as traditional ladies. Both of these characters are commonly misconstruedRead MoreLiterary Analysis Of Kate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour 1274 Words   |  6 PagesHaley Morrow Mrs. Crook AP English 25 Sept. 2015 Feminist Literary Theory in The Story of an Hour Women are no stranger to a socially constrained lifestyle and society, especially in the late 1800’s. Women were believed to live a certain way, fulfill certain roles and duties in the household, and to be extremely fragile and weak. This type of culture still exists today but not to the extreme that it once was. Kate Chopin, however, not afraid speak out against the implications of society breaks free

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Gerald Ford Family Tree - Ancestry and Genealogy

President Gerald Rudolph Ford was born Leslie Lynch King, Jr. on 14 July 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska. His parents, Leslie Lynch King and Dorothy Ayer Gardner, separated shortly after the birth of their son and were divorced in Omaha, Nebraska on 19 December 1913. In 1917, Dorothy married Gerald R. Ford in Grand Rapids, Michigan. The Fords began calling Leslie by the name Gerald Rudolff Ford, Jr., although his name wasnt legally changed until December 3, 1935 (he also changed the spelling of his middle name). Gerald Ford Jr. grew up in Grand Rapids, Michigan, with his younger half-brothers, Thomas, Richard and James. Gerald Ford Jr. was a star lineman for the University of Michigan Wolverines football team, playing center for national championship teams in 1932 and 1933. After he graduated from Michigan in 1935 with a B.A. degree, he turned down several offers to play professional football, instead opting for an assistant coachs position while studying law at Yale University. Gerald Ford eventually became a member of Congress, Vice President, and the only President not elected to the office. He is also the longest living ex-president in American history, dying at age 93 on 26 December 2006. Tips for Reading This Family Tree First Generation: 1. Leslie Lynch King Jr. (aka Gerald R. Ford, Jr.) was born on 14 July 1913, in Omaha, Nebraska and died on 26 December 2006 at his home in Rancho Mirage, California. Gerald Ford, Jr. married Elizabeth Betty Anne Bloomer Warren on 15 October 1948 at Grace Episcopal Church, Grand Rapids, Michigan. They had several children: Michael Gerald Ford, born 14 March 1950; John Jack Gardner Ford, born 16 March 1952; Steven Meigs Ford, born 19 May 1956; and Susan Elizabeth Ford, born 6 July 1957.   Second Generation (Parents): 2. Leslie Lynch KING (Gerald Ford Jr.s father) was born on 25 July 1884 in Chadron, Dawes County, Nebraska. He married twice - first to President Fords mother, and later in 1919 to Margaret Atwood in Reno, Nevada. Leslie L. King, Sr. died on 18 February 1941 in Tucson, Arizona and is buried in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Glendale, California. 3. Dorothy Ayer GARDNER was born on 27 February 1892 in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois. After her divorce from Leslie King, she married Gerald R. Ford (b. 9 December 1889), son of George R. Ford and Zana F. Pixley, on 1 February 1917 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Dorothy Gardner Ford died 17 September 1967 in Grand Rapids, and is buried with her second husband in Woodlawn Cemetery, Grand Rapids, Michigan. Leslie Lynch KING and Dorothy Ayer GARDNER were married on 7 September 1912 at Christ Church, Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois and had the following children: 1 i. Leslie Lynch KING, Jr.Third Generation (Grandparents):4. Charles Henry KING was born on 12 March 1853 in Perry Township, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. He died on 27 February 1930 in Los Angeles, California and is buried with his wife in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Glendale, California.5. Martha Alice Porter was born 17 November 1854 in Indiana and died on 14 July 1930 in Glendale, Los Angeles Co., California. She is buried with her husband in Forest Lawn Cemetery of that county.Charles Henry KING and Martha Alicia PORTER were married after 2 June 1882 in Cook County, Illinois and had the following children:i. Gertrude M. KING was born abt. 1881 in Illinois (married Robert H. Knittle)ii. Charles B. KING was born abt. September 1882 in Chadron, Dawes Co., Nebraska2. iii. Leslie Lynch KINGiv. Savilla KING was born abt. September 1885 in Chadron, Dawes Co., Nebraska (married Edward Pettis)v. Marietta H. KING was born abt. July 1895 in Chadron, Dawes Co., Nebraska (married Giles Vernon Kel logg)6. Levi Addison GARDNER was born on 24 April 1861 at Solon Mills, McHenry County, Illinois. He died on 9 May 1916 in Grand Rapids, Michigan.7. Adele Augusta Ayer was born on 2 July 1867 in Youngstown, Mahoning County, Ohio and died on 10 August 1938 in Los Angeles, California.Levi Addison GARDNER and Adele Augusta AYER were married on 23 October 1884 in Harvard, McHenry County, Illinois and had the following children:3. i. Dorothy Ayer GARDNERii Tannisse Ayer GARDNER was born 4 March 1887 in Harvard, Illinois. She married Clarence Haskins James on 5 September 1908 in Harvard, Illinois and died on 14 April 1942.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Islamic Auditing and Conventional Banking Free Essays

Auditing is an examination and verification of a company’s financial and accounting records and supporting documents by a professional, such as a Certified Public Accountant. According to AlBaraka, Islamic bank is an institution that mobilizes financial resources and invests that money in an attempt to achieve pre-determined islamically – acceptable social and financial objectives. Both mobilization and investment of money should be conducted in accordance with the principles of Islamic Sha’riah whereas according to Ustaz Hj Zaharuddin (2007) stated that conventional bank operates based on debtor-creditor relationships. We will write a custom essay sample on Islamic Auditing and Conventional Banking or any similar topic only for you Order Now For example, it is between depositors (creditor) and bank (debtor); and borrowers (debtor) and the bank (creditor). Conventional bank maximize profit by charging interest to customers. On the other hand, Basu (2006) defines Audit report as â€Å"†¦ the document to which auditor convey his opinion about the fairness of the financial statements†. The audit report is one of the vital parts of communication used by auditors. The nature of the report must be clear and concise enough to be disclosed and communicated as its represents the auditor’s credibility as well as the degree of responsibility being undertake. Often the role of conventional auditor is to come up with a report examining the credibility of the financial statements and whether the financial statements are prepared in accordance with an applicable and relevant auditing standard. However, when referring to the auditor’s report of Islamic Bank or the Sha’riah supervisory report of an Islamic Bank, the scope of auditor’s report will be extended. This is because auditors for Islamic banks must also attest the compliance of the bank practice to that How to cite Islamic Auditing and Conventional Banking, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Nutrition Behavior Change Project Essay Example For Students

Nutrition Behavior Change Project Essay Keeping up a behaviour can be difficult. â€Å"the motive must come from within. † For the past 23 yearss I have been endeavoring to alter and win. by the 22nd of October. in two specific nutritionary behaviour ends. One of them was to intake at least 30 gms of fibre on weekdays and at least 25 gms on weekends. The other was to cut down my Na consumption by a one-fourth. on weekdays. of what it was per twenty-four hours and cut down it by an eighth on weekends. This readying all started about a hebdomad before my 23 yearss of transmutation. In the three get downing yearss I tracked my diet and found that my low fibre and high Na ingestions were eye-opening jobs. My mean fiber intake per twenty-four hours rested at 21. 18g. which was significantly lower than my end of 38g per twenty-four hours. As this issue arose so did my consciousness that multiple facets of my wellness were at hazard. For illustration. my low fibres consumption could put me in danger of developing bosom dis ease. Fiber foods cut down the opportunity of disease like bosom disease. diabetes. and many other atrocious unwellnesss. In add-on. nutrients that consist of fiber supply a feeling of comprehensiveness without extra Calories being added to a diet. As for my Sodium consumption. I was recommended a mark of 1500mg a twenty-four hours but I was really devouring a skyrocketing 3959. 4mg a twenty-four hours. Without believing twice I knew I had to do important behaviour alterations. Refering my looming sodium consumption. I found that high Na ingestion makes the organic structure continue more H2O. which can raise the blood volume and. in bend. increase blood force per unit area. Sing my high blood force per unit area it would be indispensable and important to take down my sodium consumption. Fortunately. the information collected demonstrated that the sum of Na I have been taking in each twenty-four hours has been playing a function in my elevated blood force per unit area. After reexamining t his information and carry oning research on these two foods I felt really serious about altering my dieting behaviours. In which instance. relation to the Stages of Change/Transtheoretical Model of behavior alteration. at the start of this undertaking I was most surely in the readying phase. I began with a determined attitude that would assist me alter my current behaviours within a month. To alter my behaviour I made ends to make by the 22nd and used schemes that would assist me to finish my Smart ends. For illustration. I made certain that I controlled my environment by purchasing fruit and other healthy bites alternatively of unhealthy bite nutrients. I besides had peer support from my roomie who reminded me when I was noshing unhealthily to alternatively nosh on a banana or apple. My first-class readying accomplishments granted me success in my dietetic behaviour ends. Overall I feel confident that I have succeeded in altering my behaviours. Everyday I have been witting of my fibre and Na ends. Rarely did I go eat off campus. I systematically ate tiffin at the Hanwell booming hall. except for 1 twenty-four hours when I was ill and in bed. and I ever ate dinner at Smith booming hall. Hanwell and Smith provide a great choice of fruit and assorted leafy vegetables. so mundane I could eat my indispensable bowl of fruit for tiffin and required dinner salad. I didn’t eat a salad or a bowl of fruit on entirely one twenty-four hours. nevertheless. I felt really sick that twenty-four hours. Besides. since I merely had Gatorade. juice and H2O with my repasts. my sodium degree decreased well. My typical twenty-four hours consisted of eating microwavable breakfasts with juice in the residence hall. tiffin at Hanwell and dinner at Smith. My accomplishment in altering my back uping behaviours was due to maintaining up with my tracking sheet. In bend. I increased my fiber consumption to 34. 34g on weekdays and 26. 61g on weekends. This information exceeded my end of fiber consumption on both weekdays ( 30g or more ) and weekends ( 25g or more ) . My Na consumption besides exceeded the par ; weekdays I consumed 2841. 32mg a twenty-four hours and 3303. 9mg a twenty-four hours on weekends. .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .postImageUrl , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:hover , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:visited , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:active { border:0!important; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:active , .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uddcb52bd94c09be43c3e511fd7bbbc8e:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Tell Tale Heart Critical Analy EssayWith dedication comes success and in order for me to remain dedicated I needed to build thought out schemes. A scheme that contributed the most to my complete ends was to eat off campus merely two times a hebdomad. Normally I saved eating out for the weekends but eating on campus made it easy to do healthy picks. For case. when I ate off campus for tiffin on the 9th my Na consumption was 1324. 22mg for that individual repast and when I ate tiffin on campus on the 29th. a weekday. my Na was less than half the Na of the off campus repast I ate on the 9th. Another scheme that helped my success was my usage of environment control. I stopped purchasing debris nutrient and ended up snaking on fruit. peculiarly bananas. and on occasion transcribed beans. In bend. I increased my fibre above my weekday and weekend consumption end. These two schemes acted as a spinal column to my success in my ends. Even though I was really successful in my ends. I faced two major barriers in the procedure. Finding a manner to eat healthy on weekends was a immense barrier with my busy association football agenda. Breakfast is easy to do but tiffin and dinner is really hard to go to due to afternoon patterns and dark games. The weekends on norm boosted up my Na about 600mg higher than the weekdays ; however. I still fulfilled my Na consumption end. I knew weekends would make a job even before I started the undertaking because it’s been an on-going issue since school started. Furthermore. clip was besides a complicated barrier to work about. Time is a common barrier when seeking to eat healthy. be more active or merely traveling about a modus operandi. When I was in a haste to category or travel rapidlying around campus taking attention of things. I would sometimes compromise for speedy microwavable merchandises. which I learned contain more Na than the normal. Out of the barriers I faced there was one that I did non predict. my ADHD medical specialty. This medicine minimized my hungriness. sometimes to the point where I did non desire to eat. When this happened I force-fed myself but with smaller parts. I tended to eat more salad leafy vegetables alternatively of the heavy. make fulling nutrient. Despite these obstructions. after one hebdomad I made merely one alteration to my behaviour. I developed better shopping accomplishments that helped me obtain superior quality microwavable nutrients and I started to maintain fruit in my bag in instance I felt crunched for clip. This alteration helped me to finish my activities and thrive in my ends. During this undertaking three major issues emerged sing my nutrition. One was that some nutrients that I thought were healthy aren’t. For illustration. I ever ate flavored instant burgoo believing it was really healthy and alimentary. nevertheless. burgoo that has flavorer in it. I learned. normally has more than 12 gms of sugar in it per functioning. As I learned more about this merchandise I found that this burgoo was non whole oats which are far more fitter and can be merely as speedy to do as instant burgoo. Choosing an option for this nutrient was of import to diminish my consumption of sugar. Another major issue that emerged was what nutrient I took in when going with the association football squad. It had nil to make with the organisation. It was my personal pick of bites that I decided to convey on the coach rides ; like Zea mays everta or every bit surprising as it sounds. yoghurt. Yogurt is healthy every bit long as its kept simple. nevertheless. my yoghurts were loa ded with flavorer and colouring that boosts up the sugar content. In consequence I made alternate picks ( apples. bananas ) that would better my game and hike my energy healthily. .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .postImageUrl , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:hover , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:visited , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:active { border:0!important; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:active , .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04 .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u364a8c2f2a77f7f6746d374c115a9d04:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: THe Tempest Essay ThesisLast. I experienced a major issue with my roomie. Equally much as he helped me to do healthy determinations. hypocritically. he seemed unable to do healthy determinations for himself. He normally ever has a bag of french friess and an huge sum of confect puting around which didn’t aid in part to my ends ; my Na consumption end. Although I learned that in order to acquire in a wont of eating better and more healthy. I spent less clip in the room. Now I am reasonably good about stating â€Å"NO† when fatty debris nutrient in in my presence. Overall I learned many things about altering a wellness behaviour. I learned that altering a behav ior takes clip and attempt in order to win. Most of all. altering a wellness behaviour takes finding because without that it is impossible to alter. After finishing this undertaking I am proud to state I have moved form the readying phase at the beginning of the undertaking. to the action phase in the Transtheoretical theoretical account. This came with the aid of my committedness. in accepting the duty of alteration. ends. to maintain me motivated. wagess. when I completed my ends I bought a Redskins New Jersey I’ve been desiring. and in conclusion environment control. where I merely bought healthy nutrients like fruit and veggies. Presently I am successfully altering my negative behaviours and following new healthy behaviours in my pursuit to present figure 5. the care phase.

Monday, March 30, 2020

Harley Davidson Pest and Five Forces free essay sample

Harley Davidson is America’s most successful manufacturing company. It has established itself as market leader for the heavyweight motorcycles and is the world’s most profitable motorcycle company. Harley Davidson has been around for over 100 year and although it sitting on a healthy position in term of profitable, heavy competition and negative trends raises the question on the length that Harley Davidson will continue to be a profitable company. This Strategic analysis will summarise the Macro-environment of the Motorcycle industry as well as summaries the effect of the five forces have on the profitability of motorcycle industry. Also an internal analysis will be conducted which will outline Harley Davidson resources and capabilities and then determine if any strategic capabilities are present as well as a gap analysis to determine if there exist any gaps between the elements of business strategy and then explore future strategies such as Diversification, vertical integration and international strategies. We will write a custom essay sample on Harley Davidson Pest and Five Forces or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Summary of Macro-environment PESTE This is a PESTE analysis is about the impact of environmental influences on motorcycle industry which can be used to guide strategic decision making. The PESTE analysis involving analysing 5 keys factors of the Macro-environmental which includes Political/legal, Economic, Socio-cultural, Technological and Environmental. There seem to be economic growth in the Asian countries particular China and India and therefore there is increasing disposable income in these countries. However in the US market and Europe market there seem to be sluggish growth and such factors in the US have resulted in decreased in disposable income (see appendix 1). Disposable incomes will affect the demand for motorcycles. There is a need to determine whether a motorcycle is considered to be a luxurious good or a cheaper alternative to transport. If a motorcycle is considered as a luxurious good therefore increase in disposable income will result in increase demand for motorcycle and vice versa. On the other hand if motorcycle is consider as a cheaper alternative for transport then decrease in disposable income will result in increase in demand for motorcycle and vice versa. Trade Barriers such as tariffs are affecting number of importation of motorcycle within a country. However there are many countries, who are engaged in free trade agreement as well as a reduction trade barrier in many counties, which will increase opportunity of trade of motorcycle internationally. Laws and legislation for noise and emission are required to meet the standards within countries therefore motorcycles needs to be developed to comply with these standard within those countries. There is trend toward certain type of motorcycle which is performance sport-bike and scooters. Therefore there a positive outlook for motorcycle companies who specialise in these types of motorcycles. There has been an increase in demographics for the user of motorcycle as well as increasing number of women riders. However, because of ageing population baby-boomer who was the main users of heavyweight motorcycle are leaving the market and as a result the motorcycle industry has open up to all types motorcycle for the upcoming generations. Increase technology changes to production method will improve production efficiency and quality. Trends for more performance based model has lead to increase trends in technology these models of bike require high level of technology therefore are opportunity for companies engaged in high performance bikes. Summary of Industry Analysis Five Forces The threat of new entrance in the motorcycle market is low because the barriers of entry make it difficult for new entrant, such as high capital requirement and economies of scale which therefore makes the industry more rofitable. However the motorcycle industry is growing and if there is potential profit in this industry, high capital requirement and economies of scale can be overcome and therefore is potential for new entrants. The power of suppliers are relative low in this industry and therefore don’t have much effect on industry profits. The reason for this is because suppliers for the motorcycle industry supply raw material and components to the motorcycle industry where it is then used to manufacturer motorcycles. The suppliers are usually, many small to large organisations and therefore tend not to have high bargaining power. Also, motorcycle industries usually have high volume production which requires high volume of raw material and components, so therefore motorcycle manufacturers tend to have higher bargain power thereby reducing the price of the suppliers which increase the profits for them. Motorcycles would be a high capital expenditure for a customer, and therefore price sensitivity would affect bargaining power of customer in this industry thereby reducing the profit for the companies in this industry. Factors such as rising fuel prices and slow economic growth will impact two ways on the motorcycle industry in term of substitutes. Regarding motorcycle as a form of transport, fuel prices had lead to increase demand for motorcycle, therefore threat from cars will be low, and also switching cost from motorcycle to cars is relatively high, thus making threat from cars low. On the other hand public transport poses a higher threat as the switching cost to them relatively low. Rivalry in this industry is very high with very large companies dominating the market, there also growth in this market which further adds to the level of competition as firms compete fiercely to gain more market share in times of growth. However, since this industry is segmented this reduce the level of competition as it allows company to specialise in a certain segment. Overall this is industry has become highly competitive and therefore reducing the overall profits companies in this industry. The effects of greenhouse gases and decreasing oil reserve are major problem to affect the sustainability of the motorcycle industry. Summary of Internal Analysis An internal Analysis was conduct for Harley Davidson in appendix 3 which indentifies Harley Davidson resources and capabilities. After indentifying Harley Davidson’s resources and capabilities a VRIO/VRINE test was conducted to determine Harley Davidson Strategic capabilities which are seen in the table 3. 1 in appendix 3. Strategic capabilities are capabilities that create value for customer, are better than capabilities of most competitors, and are difficult to imitate and replicate (Hubbard et. l, 2007, p112). From the VRINE test we are able to determine Harley Davidson has strategic high quality pre and after sales services these includes the Harley experience that the customer receives from purchasing a Harley motorcycles as well as it high reputational status ensure Harley’s customers that they are buying into a reliable motorcycle. Harley Davidson has a unique personalised design of motorcycle, which is where Harley Davidson has wide range of accessories so that Harley’s customer can customise their motorcycle to suit them. Harley Davidson has Dynamic capabilities which is the ability to combine and recombine existing resources and capabilities and strategic capabilities to create now strategic capabilities (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p116). As Harley Davidson organisation structure foster motivation and innovation and learning and therefore allowing organisation the philosophy of continuous improvement (Grant, 2008), therefore allowing dynamic capabilities. Gap Analysis Table 4. 1 in Appendix 4 identifies macro-environmental–business strategy gaps. To indentify these gaps we need to determine the business strategy by answering the five key question of a business strategy for Harley Davidson (see appendix 4). From the table we are able to see that quite a few mismatches between the business strategies and the macro-environment such as decline in economic growth in Europe and large part of Harley Davidson Strategy is aimed at European market. However Economic growths are volatile therefore shouldn’t be too much of concern for Harley Davidson. A Major gap is the increase trends for performance bikes and scooters. Harley Davidson still produces cruiser motorcycles and therefore these trends have major implication for them. The Matches for Harley Davidson includes international expansion is high demand area such as China and Indian. Part of Harley Davidson business strategy is that it can create the Harley Experience overseas and this has been aided with the reduction of trade barriers and trade agreements. Table 4. 2 shows the gaps between industry environment and Harley Davidson’s business strategy. Firstly suppliers there are no opportunities or threat that Harley Davidson can take advantage interns of their business strategy. Suppliers have low effect on profitable as their bargaining power are usually low and therefore there are limited consistency with business strategy. Secondly, for buyers there are a number of brands to choose from in this industry and the customers have a wide variety of choices, which means that customer should have more bargaining power. But, Harley does not compete on the basis of its products, rather than on its reputation and image therefore the opportunity that buyer present is consistent with the business strategy. Thirdly, substitute can be either an opportunity or a threat the decline demand for cars can be seen as an opportunity for the motorcycle industry, conversely the increase in demand for public transport can also be seen as a threat to the motorcycle industry. Profits are affected differently from geographical area as the demand and structures vary. Finally, the threat of new entrance and rivalry are threat to Harley Davidson and the potential for new entrance and fierce competition have high impact on profitability for the industry. However Harley Davidson competes only through reputation and brand and delivering a service to customer i. . â€Å"the Harley experience†. Diversification Diversification is the entry of a firm or business unit into new lines of activities, either by process of international business development or acquisition, which entails change in its administrative structure, system and other management process (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 256). For Harley Davidso n diversification would mean they explore other activities other than manufacturing motorcycles to the US market. Harley Davidson has already diversified by exporting there motorcycle international as well as through general merchandising which include clothing, collectable and cologne. Harley Davidson has also established a financial service to supply credit, insurance, and extended warranties to Harley dealer and customers (Grant, 2008). There are many reasons why organisation diversifies, for Harley Davidson one reason could be the general unattractiveness of environment which includes economic growth rates and unfavourable trends (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 256). For example economic growth in US has slowed therefore Harley Davidson and since US market Harley Davidson main market, Harley Davidson will need to consider diversification as a way of dealing with this situation. Also unfavourable trends such as increase demand for performance bikes and scooters could see Harley Davidson fall out of the market as customer switch to these segment of motorcycles. Another reason could be business has surplus capabilities (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 257), since Harley Davidson reputation and brand image lead to their dominance in there market perhaps transferring these capabilities into other industry. Vertical Integrations Vertical integration is the diversification of forwards or backwards in the business activity system (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 266). Harley Davidson has relative low volumes of production relative to Honda and other Japanese manufactures. Therefore they have significant cost disadvantage such as purchasing of component are more expensive for Harley Davidson relative to its rivals. A possible strategy could be backward integrations which would involve with Harley Davidson gaining control of supplier i. e. purchasing the supplier. The benefits included with this strategy is decreeing cost involved from purchasing raw material and components, improved quality, efficient scheduling of material for there Just In Time activities. As Harley Davidson is in the business of selling lifestyle and experience forward integration is a method used so that Harley Davidson can form a closer relationship with their customer. As a motorcycle industry forward integration would involves them creating more dealership in their market. Although Harley dealership programs have support dealer to provided quality and service to the customer and many dealership are exclusive to Harley Davidson. International strategy There are many reasons why Harley Davidson needs to consider going international. One reason is transferring a capability to a new market. This would mean that going international for Harley Davidson would allow them to transfer there competence into new markets thus gaining economies of scale (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 322). As Harley sales growth has been accounted for by domestic’s sales (Grant, 2008), therefore since Harley Davidson market share are result of domestics sales this would means it has limited growth opportunities therefore it needs to consider international to increase its market share and growth. For example there are opportunities in Europe for expansion of Harley sales because it is the Second largest heavyweight motorcycle markets in the world. However, there are a few barriers to intentional expansion Harley Davidson needs to consider (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 323). The most important barriers Harley needs to consider are cultural differences and since Harley image is heavily aimed at the American Cultures there likely to be issue Harley Davidson will face when expanding overseas such as would Harley’s image of its motorcycle representing â€Å"the American dream† will appeal to nations such as Europe and Asia? The strategy for Harley Davidson would be multi-domestic strategy which is a strategy of settling up full and independent operations in more than one country to satisfy demand in the country of operation (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 325). This means that it will have develop a complete set of activities for a particular market regardless of other markets, which will target the taste of consumer in the particular market, marketing, promotion and distribution suited to culture of market. Harley Davidson has adopted several entry modes into an international market and where based on feasibility. Harley Davidson main market entry strategies are through dealership where they have dealers across North America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand (Anita, 2008). In 1935, Harley Davidson enters into Japan with a license agreement with Sankyo, in which the company went bankrupt therefore Harley directly invested into the company now is a subsidiary of Harley Davidson (Anita, 2008). In Brazil Harley Davidson also invested directly into an assembly plant where the motorcycles are developed to cater for the needs of the Brazil market (Anita, 2008). Harley Davidson are also involved in joint venture with German sport car manufactures, Porsche, where Harley Davidson motorcycles are distributed across Germany, opening new potential customer in this market (Grant, 2008). Joint ventures are common as a form of market entry as some countries does not allow 100 percent direct investment (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 326), where advantages lies for Harley Davidson with access to local knowledge and political influence. On the other hand the success or failure of the joint venture depends on the understanding between the companies involved. Harley Davidson option invest in production faculties overseas as advantages are production costs can be lowered because the cost of shipping would not apply and perhaps some raw materials that they need are cheaper overseas than in the US. However for Harley they do not consider producing overseas because it contradict their main strategy of promoting the â€Å"American Dream† overseas (Anita, 2008), therefore if the motorcycles were not produce in the US this would mean that it will not represent the American dream therefore Harley motorcycle would need to be made in US. Harley Davidson Pest and Five Forces free essay sample Harley Davidson is America’s most successful manufacturing company. It has established itself as market leader for the heavyweight motorcycles and is the world’s most profitable motorcycle company. Harley Davidson has been around for over 100 year and although it sitting on a healthy position in term of profitable, heavy competition and negative trends raises the question on the length that Harley Davidson will continue to be a profitable company. This Strategic analysis will summarise the Macro-environment of the Motorcycle industry as well as summaries the effect of the five forces have on the profitability of motorcycle industry. Also an internal analysis will be conducted which will outline Harley Davidson resources and capabilities and then determine if any strategic capabilities are present as well as a gap analysis to determine if there exist any gaps between the elements of business strategy and then explore future strategies such as Diversification, vertical integration and international strategies. We will write a custom essay sample on Harley Davidson Pest and Five Forces or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Summary of Macro-environment PESTE This is a PESTE analysis is about the impact of environmental influences on motorcycle industry which can be used to guide strategic decision making. The PESTE analysis involving analysing 5 keys factors of the Macro-environmental which includes Political/legal, Economic, Socio-cultural, Technological and Environmental. There seem to be economic growth in the Asian countries particular China and India and therefore there is increasing disposable income in these countries. However in the US market and Europe market there seem to be sluggish growth and such factors in the US have resulted in decreased in disposable income (see appendix 1). Disposable incomes will affect the demand for motorcycles. There is a need to determine whether a motorcycle is considered to be a luxurious good or a cheaper alternative to transport. If a motorcycle is considered as a luxurious good therefore increase in disposable income will result in increase demand for motorcycle and vice versa. On the other hand if motorcycle is consider as a cheaper alternative for transport then decrease in disposable income will result in increase in demand for motorcycle and vice versa. Trade Barriers such as tariffs are affecting number of importation of motorcycle within a country. However there are many countries, who are engaged in free trade agreement as well as a reduction trade barrier in many counties, which will increase opportunity of trade of motorcycle internationally. Laws and legislation for noise and emission are required to meet the standards within countries therefore motorcycles needs to be developed to comply with these standard within those countries. There is trend toward certain type of motorcycle which is performance sport-bike and scooters. Therefore there a positive outlook for motorcycle companies who specialise in these types of motorcycles. There has been an increase in demographics for the user of motorcycle as well as increasing number of women riders. However, because of ageing population baby-boomer who was the main users of heavyweight motorcycle are leaving the market and as a result the motorcycle industry has open up to all types motorcycle for the upcoming generations. Increase technology changes to production method will improve production efficiency and quality. Trends for more performance based model has lead to increase trends in technology these models of bike require high level of technology therefore are opportunity for companies engaged in high performance bikes. Summary of Industry Analysis Five Forces The threat of new entrance in the motorcycle market is low because the barriers of entry make it difficult for new entrant, such as high capital requirement and economies of scale which therefore makes the industry more rofitable. However the motorcycle industry is growing and if there is potential profit in this industry, high capital requirement and economies of scale can be overcome and therefore is potential for new entrants. The power of suppliers are relative low in this industry and therefore don’t have much effect on industry profits. The reason for this is because suppliers for the motorcycle industry supply raw material and components to the motorcycle industry where it is then used to manufacturer motorcycles. The suppliers are usually, many small to large organisations and therefore tend not to have high bargaining power. Also, motorcycle industries usually have high volume production which requires high volume of raw material and components, so therefore motorcycle manufacturers tend to have higher bargain power thereby reducing the price of the suppliers which increase the profits for them. Motorcycles would be a high capital expenditure for a customer, and therefore price sensitivity would affect bargaining power of customer in this industry thereby reducing the profit for the companies in this industry. Factors such as rising fuel prices and slow economic growth will impact two ways on the motorcycle industry in term of substitutes. Regarding motorcycle as a form of transport, fuel prices had lead to increase demand for motorcycle, therefore threat from cars will be low, and also switching cost from motorcycle to cars is relatively high, thus making threat from cars low. On the other hand public transport poses a higher threat as the switching cost to them relatively low. Rivalry in this industry is very high with very large companies dominating the market, there also growth in this market which further adds to the level of competition as firms compete fiercely to gain more market share in times of growth. However, since this industry is segmented this reduce the level of competition as it allows company to specialise in a certain segment. Overall this is industry has become highly competitive and therefore reducing the overall profits companies in this industry. The effects of greenhouse gases and decreasing oil reserve are major problem to affect the sustainability of the motorcycle industry. Summary of Internal Analysis An internal Analysis was conduct for Harley Davidson in appendix 3 which indentifies Harley Davidson resources and capabilities. After indentifying Harley Davidson’s resources and capabilities a VRIO/VRINE test was conducted to determine Harley Davidson Strategic capabilities which are seen in the table 3. 1 in appendix 3. Strategic capabilities are capabilities that create value for customer, are better than capabilities of most competitors, and are difficult to imitate and replicate (Hubbard et. l, 2007, p112). From the VRINE test we are able to determine Harley Davidson has strategic high quality pre and after sales services these includes the Harley experience that the customer receives from purchasing a Harley motorcycles as well as it high reputational status ensure Harley’s customers that they are buying into a reliable motorcycle. Harley Davidson has a unique personalised design of motorcycle, which is where Harley Davidson has wide range of accessories so that Harley’s customer can customise their motorcycle to suit them. Harley Davidson has Dynamic capabilities which is the ability to combine and recombine existing resources and capabilities and strategic capabilities to create now strategic capabilities (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p116). As Harley Davidson organisation structure foster motivation and innovation and learning and therefore allowing organisation the philosophy of continuous improvement (Grant, 2008), therefore allowing dynamic capabilities. Gap Analysis Table 4. 1 in Appendix 4 identifies macro-environmental–business strategy gaps. To indentify these gaps we need to determine the business strategy by answering the five key question of a business strategy for Harley Davidson (see appendix 4). From the table we are able to see that quite a few mismatches between the business strategies and the macro-environment such as decline in economic growth in Europe and large part of Harley Davidson Strategy is aimed at European market. However Economic growths are volatile therefore shouldn’t be too much of concern for Harley Davidson. A Major gap is the increase trends for performance bikes and scooters. Harley Davidson still produces cruiser motorcycles and therefore these trends have major implication for them. The Matches for Harley Davidson includes international expansion is high demand area such as China and Indian. Part of Harley Davidson business strategy is that it can create the Harley Experience overseas and this has been aided with the reduction of trade barriers and trade agreements. Table 4. 2 shows the gaps between industry environment and Harley Davidson’s business strategy. Firstly suppliers there are no opportunities or threat that Harley Davidson can take advantage interns of their business strategy. Suppliers have low effect on profitable as their bargaining power are usually low and therefore there are limited consistency with business strategy. Secondly, for buyers there are a number of brands to choose from in this industry and the customers have a wide variety of choices, which means that customer should have more bargaining power. But, Harley does not compete on the basis of its products, rather than on its reputation and image therefore the opportunity that buyer present is consistent with the business strategy. Thirdly, substitute can be either an opportunity or a threat the decline demand for cars can be seen as an opportunity for the motorcycle industry, conversely the increase in demand for public transport can also be seen as a threat to the motorcycle industry. Profits are affected differently from geographical area as the demand and structures vary. Finally, the threat of new entrance and rivalry are threat to Harley Davidson and the potential for new entrance and fierce competition have high impact on profitability for the industry. However Harley Davidson competes only through reputation and brand and delivering a service to customer i. . â€Å"the Harley experience†. Diversification Diversification is the entry of a firm or business unit into new lines of activities, either by process of international business development or acquisition, which entails change in its administrative structure, system and other management process (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 256). For Harley Davidso n diversification would mean they explore other activities other than manufacturing motorcycles to the US market. Harley Davidson has already diversified by exporting there motorcycle international as well as through general merchandising which include clothing, collectable and cologne. Harley Davidson has also established a financial service to supply credit, insurance, and extended warranties to Harley dealer and customers (Grant, 2008). There are many reasons why organisation diversifies, for Harley Davidson one reason could be the general unattractiveness of environment which includes economic growth rates and unfavourable trends (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 256). For example economic growth in US has slowed therefore Harley Davidson and since US market Harley Davidson main market, Harley Davidson will need to consider diversification as a way of dealing with this situation. Also unfavourable trends such as increase demand for performance bikes and scooters could see Harley Davidson fall out of the market as customer switch to these segment of motorcycles. Another reason could be business has surplus capabilities (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 257), since Harley Davidson reputation and brand image lead to their dominance in there market perhaps transferring these capabilities into other industry. Vertical Integrations Vertical integration is the diversification of forwards or backwards in the business activity system (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 266). Harley Davidson has relative low volumes of production relative to Honda and other Japanese manufactures. Therefore they have significant cost disadvantage such as purchasing of component are more expensive for Harley Davidson relative to its rivals. A possible strategy could be backward integrations which would involve with Harley Davidson gaining control of supplier i. e. purchasing the supplier. The benefits included with this strategy is decreeing cost involved from purchasing raw material and components, improved quality, efficient scheduling of material for there Just In Time activities. As Harley Davidson is in the business of selling lifestyle and experience forward integration is a method used so that Harley Davidson can form a closer relationship with their customer. As a motorcycle industry forward integration would involves them creating more dealership in their market. Although Harley dealership programs have support dealer to provided quality and service to the customer and many dealership are exclusive to Harley Davidson. International strategy There are many reasons why Harley Davidson needs to consider going international. One reason is transferring a capability to a new market. This would mean that going international for Harley Davidson would allow them to transfer there competence into new markets thus gaining economies of scale (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 322). As Harley sales growth has been accounted for by domestic’s sales (Grant, 2008), therefore since Harley Davidson market share are result of domestics sales this would means it has limited growth opportunities therefore it needs to consider international to increase its market share and growth. For example there are opportunities in Europe for expansion of Harley sales because it is the Second largest heavyweight motorcycle markets in the world. However, there are a few barriers to intentional expansion Harley Davidson needs to consider (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 323). The most important barriers Harley needs to consider are cultural differences and since Harley image is heavily aimed at the American Cultures there likely to be issue Harley Davidson will face when expanding overseas such as would Harley’s image of its motorcycle representing â€Å"the American dream† will appeal to nations such as Europe and Asia? The strategy for Harley Davidson would be multi-domestic strategy which is a strategy of settling up full and independent operations in more than one country to satisfy demand in the country of operation (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 325). This means that it will have develop a complete set of activities for a particular market regardless of other markets, which will target the taste of consumer in the particular market, marketing, promotion and distribution suited to culture of market. Harley Davidson has adopted several entry modes into an international market and where based on feasibility. Harley Davidson main market entry strategies are through dealership where they have dealers across North America, Europe, Asia, Australia and New Zealand (Anita, 2008). In 1935, Harley Davidson enters into Japan with a license agreement with Sankyo, in which the company went bankrupt therefore Harley directly invested into the company now is a subsidiary of Harley Davidson (Anita, 2008). In Brazil Harley Davidson also invested directly into an assembly plant where the motorcycles are developed to cater for the needs of the Brazil market (Anita, 2008). Harley Davidson are also involved in joint venture with German sport car manufactures, Porsche, where Harley Davidson motorcycles are distributed across Germany, opening new potential customer in this market (Grant, 2008). Joint ventures are common as a form of market entry as some countries does not allow 100 percent direct investment (Hubbard et. al, 2007, p 326), where advantages lies for Harley Davidson with access to local knowledge and political influence. On the other hand the success or failure of the joint venture depends on the understanding between the companies involved. Harley Davidson option invest in production faculties overseas as advantages are production costs can be lowered because the cost of shipping would not apply and perhaps some raw materials that they need are cheaper overseas than in the US. However for Harley they do not consider producing overseas because it contradict their main strategy of promoting the â€Å"American Dream† overseas (Anita, 2008), therefore if the motorcycles were not produce in the US this would mean that it will not represent the American dream therefore Harley motorcycle would need to be made in US.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

The Invention and Development of the Wheel

The Invention and Development of the Wheel The oldest wheel found in archeological excavations was discovered in what was Mesopotamia and is believed to be over 5,500 years old. It was not used for transportation, though, but rather as a potters wheel. The combination of the wheel and axle made possible early forms of transportation, which became more sophisticated over time with the development of other technologies. Key Takeaways: The Wheel The earliest wheels were used as potters wheels. They were invented in Mesopotamia about 5,500 years ago. The wheelbarrow- a simple cart with a single wheel- was invented by the ancient Greeks. Though wheels are mainly used for transportation, they are also used to navigate, spin thread, and generate wind and hydroelectric power. When Was the Wheel Invented? Though often thought of as one of the earliest inventions, the wheel actually arrived after the invention of agriculture, boats, woven cloth, and pottery. It was invented sometime around 3,500 B.C. During the transition between the Neolithic and the Bronze Age, the very earliest wheels were made of wood, with a hole in the core for the axle. The wheel is unique because, unlike other early human inventions such as the pitchfork- which was inspired by forked sticks- it is not based on anything in nature. The Inventor of the Wheel The wheel is not like the telephone or the lightbulb, a breakthrough invention that can be credited to a single (or even several) inventors. There is archaeological evidence of wheels dating back to at least 5,500 years ago, but no one knows exactly who invented them. Wheeled vehicles appeared later in various areas across the Middle East and Eastern Europe. The invention of the wheelbarrow- a one-wheeled cart used to transport goods and raw materials- is usually credited to the ancient Greeks. However, earlier evidence of wheeled carts has been found in Europe and China. Wheel and Axle The Bronocice pot is the earliest depiction of a wheel and axle. Â  Silar/Wiki Commons The wheel alone, without any further innovation, would not have done much for mankind. Rather, it was the combination of the wheel and axle that made early forms of transportation possible, including carts and chariots. The Bronocice pot, a piece of pottery discovered in Poland and dating to at least 3370 B.C., is believed to feature the earliest depiction of a wheeled vehicle. The evidence suggests that small wagons or carts, likely drawn by cattle, were in use in Central Europe by this time in human history. The first carts featured wheels and axles that turned together. Wooden pegs were used to fix the sledge so that when it rested on the rollers it did not move. The axle turned in between the pegs, allowing the axle and wheels to create all the movement. Later, the pegs were replaced with holes carved into the cart frame, and the axle was placed through the holes. This made it necessary for the larger wheels and thinner axle to be separate pieces. The wheels were attached to both sides of the axle. Finally, the fixed axle was invented, wherein the axle did not turn but was solidly connected to the cart frame. The wheels were fitted onto the axle in a way that allowed them to freely rotate. Fixed axles made for stable carts that could turn corners better. By this time the wheel can be considered a complete invention. Following the invention of the wheel, the Sumerians invented the sledge, a device consisting of a flat base mounted on a pair of runners with curved ends. The sledge was useful for transporting cargo over smooth terrain; however, the Sumerians quickly realized that the device would be more efficient once it was mounted on rollers. Modern Uses of the Wheel VISUAL ART PHOTOGRAPHY/Getty Images While the basic function of the wheel is unchanged, modern wheels are much different from the simple wooden wheels of the past. Innovations in materials science have made possible all kinds of tires for bicycles, cars, motorcycles, and trucks- including tires designed for rough terrain, ice, and snow. While primarily used for transportation, the wheel also has other applications. Watermills, for example, use water wheels- large structures with a series of blades along the rim- to generate hydropower. In the past, watermills powered textile mills, sawmills, and gristmills. Today, similar structures called turbines are used to generate wind and hydroelectric power. The spinning wheel is another example of how the wheel can be used. This device, invented in India over 2,500 years ago, was used to spin thread from natural fibers such as cotton, flax, and wool. The spinning wheel was eventually replaced by the spinning jenny and the spinning frame, more sophisticated devices that also incorporate wheels. The gyroscope is a navigational instrument that consists of a spinning wheel and a pair of gimbals. Modern versions of this tool are used in compasses and accelerometers.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Understanding Customers and Competitors Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3500 words

Understanding Customers and Competitors - Essay Example Since the terrorist attacks of September 11th 2001 along with economic slowdown, the Iraq war and SARS, the aviation industry has suffered a deep slump, particularly in flag airlines. Yet it raises opportunities for the low-fare carrier segment, such as Ryanair that is a rising star in the skies of Europe, having been performing well post 9/11. The aim of this report is to analyse the overall performance of Ryanair in the fast-changing environment, and then few recommendations will be provided. Conclusions will be drawn at the end of this report. Irish-owned Ryanair, founded in 1985, began to introduce a low cost operating model in the early 1990s. The company primarily serves short-haul, point-to-point routes that target business commuters and leisure travellers by offering low, multi-tier fare pricing and sngle-classs air transportation. Having overtaken EasyJet, Ryanair is now the largest low-cost carrier in Europe In January 2000. (Doganis, 2001) The company offers approximately 475 scheduled flights per day serving 84 locations in 14 EU countries. The worldwide commercial aviation has suffered from terrorist attacks of 9/11. The tragedy dramatically decreases the number of passengers and pushed Airline industry facing deterioration in their financial positions. Similarly, impact of SARS and Iraq War reduce willingness of people to travel outside their countries. (Graeme, 2005, Siobhan, 2004) Since 1997, the European market has been completely deregulated. For example, any airlines holding a valid Air Operators Certificate in the EU have right to operate on any route within the European Union, including flights wholly operating within another country. On May 1st 2004, ten new members joined the EU as part of EU enlargement. The era of single European sky related to Open-Sky Treaty, allowing point-to-point service between any EU countries is approaching and airline companies will benefit from consolidation; on the other hand, they